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Guide to Archery

Guide to Archery

Archery is a timeless sport that has captivated people for generations with its precision, concentration and elegance. In Sweden, home to approximately 10,000 enthusiastic practitioners, archery has become a popular activity that not only attracts individual practitioners but also entire families. Whether you are young or old, beginner or experienced, there is something in archery for everyone.

What makes archery so special is its versatility and year-round availability. From March to October, outdoor shooting abounds at ranges and fields around the country, while the cold and dark days of winter provide perfect conditions for indoor shooting. This accessibility allows archery to become a year-round activity for the whole family to enjoy together. So why not hit the range and discover the beauty and excitement of archery today?

Branches in archery

Archery offers a variety of disciplines, each with its own unique challenges and skills to master. Each of these disciplines has its own rules, techniques and challenges, making archery a diverse and exciting sport to explore. Whether you are interested in competing at a high level or just want to enjoy a relaxing hobby with the family, there is a place for you within the archery community.

Target shooting

Target shooting is one of the most traditional disciplines in archery and challenges shooters to aim and hit targets at distances ranging from 30 to 90 meters for seniors, taking into account the differences between men and women. For men, the distances are from 30 to 90 meters, while for women the distances are slightly shorter, from 30 to 70 meters.

The size of the board varies depending on the distance. At the shorter distances of 30 and 50 metres, the board is 80 centimeters in diameter. The board is divided into ten rings and the central ten ring has a diameter of 8 centimeters. At the longer distances of 70 and 90 meters, the board increases in size to 122 centimeters in diameter and the central ten-ring then has a diameter of 12.2 centimeters.

For recurve shooting, the most common form of archery seen in, for example, the Olympics, the size and design of the target is standardized. For compound shooting, the size of the board remains the same, but the central part, where the ten ring is located, becomes half the size of recurve shooting.

During a competition, 144 competition arrows are usually shot, with 36 arrows shot at each distance. This gives the shooters enough repetitions to show off their skill and hit the targets with precision

Hunting shooting

Hunting shooting is an exciting branch of archery that takes the practitioners to the forest landscape for an experience closer to nature. It is conducted within demarcated areas of the forest and offers a challenging and authentic environment for the shooters to test their skills. The distances vary between 0 and 60 meters for seniors, and it doesn't matter if you are male or female - the distances remain the same for everyone.

During hunting shooting, you shoot at targets that are strategically placed in the forest at distances unknown to the shooter. This requires the shooter to first judge the distance to the target before attempting to hit it. The paintings are usually designed as paper images of various animals that represent the most common animal fauna in Sweden.

One of the unique aspects of hunting shooting is that the shooter has only three arrows per target to use to hit the target. The scoring scale is descending and depends on which arrow in the order hits the scoring zone first. The maximum score per target is 15 points if the shooter hits the target in the heart ring with the first arrow. This form of competition requires not only precision but also quick thinking and the ability to adapt to changing conditions in the forest landscape.

Archery in the woods

Field shooting

Field shooting is another fascinating branch of archery that shares many similarities with hunting shooting. Just like hunting, field shooting is conducted within defined areas in the forest, and the distances are the same for both men and women. As in hunting, the shooter must first judge the distance to the target before shooting.

The big difference lies in the design of the target. In field shooting, the target has a round design with a yellow center ring and a black outer area. The shooter has three arrows at his disposal to hit the target, and the point scale per arrow varies from 1 to 5, depending on where the arrow hits the target. The maximum possible score per goal is 15.

Field shooting competitions are usually divided into 2 x 30 targets, which means that the shooter must shoot at a total of 60 targets during the competition. Given the careful judgment of distance, the precision required and the large number of targets, a field competition usually takes between 5 and 6 hours to complete. This discipline requires not only skill and precision, but also endurance and concentration over long periods of time to succeed on the competition track.

3-D shooting

3-D shooting represents the latest development in outdoor shooting and offers an exciting twist to traditional archery. In this branch, the shooter must try to hit three-dimensional targets that are shaped like, for example, deer or other animals. Just like hunting and field shooting, the shooter must first judge the distance to the target before aiming and shooting.

The maximum distance in 3-D shooting is usually 45 meters, but one of the big differences is that even small 3-D targets can be placed at greater distances. This requires not only accuracy and precision, but also the ability to judge distances correctly and adapt to different scenarios.

A common factor for all three forms of forest shooting is that the targets can be placed at different angles, including almost straight up or down. In addition, the design of the shooting site does not have to be adapted so that the shooter stands comfortably and firmly. This adds an extra dimension of challenge and excitement to 3-D shooting, making it a stimulating and rewarding discipline for archery enthusiasts seeking new challenges.

Alternative to archery

Alternatives to archery include other activities that can be practiced to improve accuracy and coordination. A popular option is the use of blowpipes, a simple but fun activity where participants exhale through a tube to shoot small darts at targets. Another option is the use of slingshots, which require skill and precision to hit targets with stones or metal balls fired from a slingshot. These options provide different challenges and are a great way to explore different forms of precision sports without having to invest in traditional archery equipment.

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